The Republic of Moldova is a small country, favorably located in south-eastern Europe, which covers the area of 34.000 square kilometers. Being situated at a distance of 300 km from Black Sea, Moldova extends over 350 km from North to the South and 150 km from West to the East. The country has an access to the Black Sea through the Danube River and Giurgiulesti Port, which is the southerly point of the Republic of Moldova. Moldova borders two countries: Ukraine on the East and Romania on the West. Due to Romania’s and Bulgarian’s adherence to European Union in 2007, Moldova became a close neighbor to EU. Country’s favorable geopolitical location at the cross-roads of economic and commercial links, which connect European Union with the CIS countries, offers unique possibilities for developing any kind of business activity. Benefiting from developed network of transportation and communication links, Moldova has important opportunities for co-operation with the countries of the region.

Location: In the north and east Moldova borders Ukraine and in the west borders Romania.

Total: 33,843 sq km
land: 33,371 sq km
water: 472 sq km.

Land boundaries:
Total: 1,389 km
International borders with: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km

Coastline: Although the fact that Moldova is landlocked, in the South there is Giurgiulesti port which provides access to Black Sea and Danube River.

Climate: Moderate winters, warm summers.

Land use:
Arable land: 54,2%
permanent crops: 8,8%
other: 37,0% (2006).

Population: 4 572,7 (2008).

Ethnic groups: Moldovan 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census).

Religions: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000).

Policy: Foreground objectives established by the Government of the Republic of Moldova are directed to the national security insurance, economical development, insurance of the fundamental liberties and the citizens rights. The progress obtained in the modernization on the democratic institutions according to the European standards and the success registered to the level of a well promoted policy, well based government and democratic institutions consolidation directed to insure a decent live to the population of the country and to attend them with qualitative services, all this proves that the Republic of Moldova is a country oriented to the European Community.

External policy: Beginning with 2003 year the European Integration of the Republic of Moldova was declared as a strategical option of the internal and external politics. This option is the result of the internal political exhibition assumed at the Government level. In 2005 was signed the Action Plan between Moldova and European Union, this plan being the prove of the promotion of an efficient policy in the relation evolution between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union.